Traces of coca and nicotine found in Egyptian mummies - WTF fun facts

well DUH. a lot of historians are still trying to process the fact that ancient egyptians knew how to build boats, which is ridiculous. why would they not be seafarers and explorers?

this is not new or surprising information at all. it pretty much day one of any african-american studies course.

the egyptians knew that if they put their boats in front of the summer storm winds it’d blow them right across the sea to the Americas and they shared that with the greeks.

It’s really hard for people to understand that everyone had boats, exploration, and trade interactions without the same level of murder, colonization, and violence that the Europeans did. It’s really hard for people to get that.

An 11,000 year old Iroqious boat.

A whole book about Ancient Egyptian Maritime technology and culture.

Scientists “shocked” to discover that humanity casually traveled the seas over 100,000 years ago.

The Sea-Craft of Prehistory (book; Eurocentric as heck)

Humans traveling long distances by sea and deep=sea fishing for c. 42,000 years

The Dufuna Canoe, Africa’s oldest surviving boat, is 8,000 years old (Nigeria)

A fleet of 5,000-year-old boats in Abydos, Egypt

7,000-year-old seaworthy vessels in Kuwait

7,500-year-old boat found in China’s Zhejiang Province.

Scientific Evidence for Pre-Columbian Transoceanic Voyages (273 pages-for the hardcore only!):

The only plausible explanation for these findings is that a considerable number of transoceanic voyages in both directions across both major oceans were completed between the 7th millennium BC and the European age of discovery. Our growing knowledge of early maritime technology and its accomplishments gives us confidence that vessels and nautical skills capable of these long-distance travels were developed by the times indicated. These voyages put a new complexion on the extensive Old World/New World cultural parallels that have long been controversial.

I love how white people are all shocked about this like it’s new. Anyone who has taken any history course beyond the scope of “Look at what white people did” knows this.

Like this was literally the first thing I learned in my World Civilizations course.

“I think it’s brave to try to be happy.”

Vivian, Pushing Daisies   (via wildrave)


Amazons of the Huk Rebellion: Gender, Sex, and Revolution in the Philippines

Labeled “Amazons” by the national press, women played a central role in the Huk rebellion, one of the most significant peasant-based revolutions in modern Philippine history.  As spies, organizers, nurses, couriers, soldiers, and even military commanders, women worked closely with men to resist first Japanese occupation and later, after WWII, tochallenge the new Philippine republic. But in the midst of the uncertainty and violence of rebellion, these women also pursued personal lives, falling in love, becoming pregnant, and raising families, often with their male comrades-in-arms.

Drawing on interviews with over one hundred veterans of the movement, Vina A. Lanzona explores the Huk rebellion from the intimate and collective experiences of its female participants, demonstrating how their presence, and the complex questions of gender, family, and sexuality they provoked, ultimately shaped the nature of the revolutionary struggle.

Vina A. Lanzona is associate professor of history at the University of Hawai’i–Manoa.


Kumander Liwayway: Warrior who wore lipstick in gun battles

One of the highest ranking female commanders of the anti-Japanese army Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap) in Luzon has died, her family said.

Remedios Gomez-Paraiso, also known as “Commander Liwayway,” was 95 when she died on Thursday of cardio-pulmonary arrest in her house in Quezon City, her grandson, Dr. Ryan Paraiso, said in a telephone interview.

Her remains will be buried in her birthplace in Barangay Anao in Mexico town, Pampanga province, on Monday, he said.

Described in the book, “Kumander Liwayway,” as a “fearless and intrepid lady commander who led her squadron into many successful battles against the Japanese occupiers,” Paraiso was remembered fondly for wearing bright red lipstick when she led Huk troops into battle.

The 2009 book, which told her life story, said: “At the top of the Camansi plateau, the guerrillas were ready and just waiting for the appearance of the Japanese soldiers. Ka Li (Paraiso) was observed by her group that she looked different at that time because she was fully made up with matching bright red lipstick and her hair was well-combed.”

“Her troops were surprised to see their commander so dressed up, as if she was going to a social function. But in the current situation, her men pictured her as a fearless and courageous leader unafraid to die. Her appearance inspired her men and motivated them to fight harder,” said the book, which was written by her younger brother, Andrew Gomez.

“One of the things I am fighting for in the Huk movement is the right to be myself,” Paraiso was quoted as saying when her comrades confronted her about wearing lipstick and being feminine.

She challenged a comrade named Katapatan to a duel because she felt disrespected by his sexual innuendos. She married Nemencio Paraiso, a member of the Lava clan in Bulacan province.

Paraiso, together with her younger brother, Oscar, joined the Hukbalahap command of Eusebio Aquino in May 1942 at the age of 22 to avenge the murder of their father, Basilio, a vice mayor of Mexico, by the Japanese.

Basilio worked with Pedro Abad Santos, one of the founders of the Socialist Party of the Philippines and older brother of former Chief Justice Jose Abad Santos.

In her brief statement of service, Paraiso said she and her Squadron 3-V “fought many more daring battles [in Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales provinces] wherein the enemies suffered heavy casualties.”

“I also joined expedition forces to unorganized territories. In 1943, I was designated chief of the military provision division of Regional Command No. 3,” she said.

Her command also rescued many American pilots forced down by enemies.

“I remained chief of the military provision division till we disbanded in December 1945. My group joined mopping-up operations against Japanese stragglers after the liberation,” she said.

She returned to the underground when Huk leaders and members, like her brother, were killed and arrested despite an amnesty.

The Philippine Constabulary caught her twice, first in Arayat town, Pampanga, and second in Iloilo province. In both, she was cleared of murder charges.

“Filipino women played an important role during the war. Like their male counterparts, they held responsible positions in fighting the enemies,” Paraiso said.

“They dedicated their lives to a noble cause not only to drive away the Japanese invaders but [also] to pursue the struggle for genuine freedom, true justice and democracy … I hope that someday, the role of these unsung heroines will find a place in history,” she said. 



{Strolling Series by Cecile Emeke}

Sexism,Patriarchy,Racism and Colonialsm.Full Discourse

“Don’t think about what can happen in a month. Don’t think about what can happen in a year. Just focus on the 24 hours in front of you and do what you can to get closer to where you want to be.”

Eric Thomas (via perfect)